Sushil Kumar's Blog

straight from my heart and soul

Enough is not enough

Man is a bundle of desires, he gets one fulfilled and a hundred of new desires crops up. We think that we are living in a materialistic world and everyone must run after money and acquiring wealth. In matters of money we demean our relationship whether these are friendship or relation of blood. The sole purpose of our life is to enjoy it fullest and for every kind of enjoyment we need money. Even after death we need money for funeral expenses and other rituals. The need of money never stops. A man dies but not his money. Sometimes, we think that in older days there were no electric and electronic gadgets so life was cumbersome but content, there was no stiff cut-throat competition and everything was in complete harmony. But the bitter truth is that man was always after money whether there was barter system or currency system.
Our enlightened sages had always cautioned men to acquire as much money which is enough to carry daily chores, which is sufficient to entertain guests, to overcome loans and for emergency use. But man is never content with money, enough is always a miniscule.
Let’s see what our Mahabharata says about money and wealth.
राजतः सलिलादग्नेश्चोरतः स्वजनादपि ।
भयमर्थवतां नित्यं मृत्योः प्राणभृतामिव ।। वनपर्व २.३९।।
अर्थात जिस प्रकार से हर मनुष्य को सदा मृत्यु का भय सताता है, उसी प्रकार से धनी को सदा राजा, जल, अग्नि, चोर और रिश्तेदारों से भय सताता है।
“Like a man is always afraid of death, the rich are always in fear of king, water, fire, thief, and relative.”
In place of king, nowadays a tax-official would be a better substitute because a rich fears most how to keep his black money secure.
यथा ह्यमिषमाकाशे पक्षिभिः श्वापदैर्भुवि ।
भक्ष्यते सलिले मत्स्यैस्तथा सर्वत्र वित्तवान् ।। वनपर्व २.४०।।
अर्थात मांस का टुकड़ा जिस प्रकार से आकाश में गिद्ध का भोजन बनता है, धरती पर माँसाहारी पशुओं का और सागर में मछलियों का उसी प्रकार से धनी इस संसार में हर जगह शाब्दिक रूप से नोंचा-खसोटा जाता है।
“Just as a chunk of meat is eaten by vultures in the sky, and by carnivorous animals on the earth, and by the fish in the sea, a rich man is also nibbled everywhere.”
मनुष्या ह्याढयतां  प्राप्य राज्यमिच्छन्त्यनन्तरम् ।
राज्याद् देवत्वमिच्छन्ति देवत्वादिन्द्रतामापि ।। शान्ति पर्व १८०.२४ ।।
धन की प्राप्ति के उपरांत मनुष्य राज्य प्राप्त करना चाहता है, राज्य पाने के बाद वो देवत्व प्राप्त करना चाहता है फिर वो देवों का राजा इन्द्र बनना चाहता है!
“After acquiring wealth, men want to acquire a kingdom; after acquiring kingdom, they want to become gods; and then after becoming god, they want to become Indra, the king of gods.”
भवेस्त्वं यद्यपि त्वाढयो न राजा न च दैवतम् ।
देवत्वं प्राप्य चेन्द्रत्वं नैव तुष्येस्तथा सति ।। शान्ति पर्व १८०.२५ ।।
फिर भी धन पाने के बाद वो न राजा बन पता है और न देवता और अगर वो देवत्व को प्राप्त हो भी जाए या फिर वो इन्द्र ही क्यूँ न बन जाये लेकिन वो अंत तक असंतुष्ट ही रहता है।
“Even if one becomes wealthy, he may not become a king or god; if one does become a god, and among gods – Indra, he would remain dissatisfied till the end.”
यत् पृथिव्यां व्रीहियवं हिरण्यं पशवः स्त्रियः ।
एकस्यापि न पर्याप्तं तृष्णां परित्यजेत् ।। आदि पर्व ८५.१३ ।।
इस संसार का सारा अन्न, सारा स्वर्ण, सारी स्त्रियाँ भी एक मनुष्य की तृप्ति के लिए पर्याप्त नहीं हैं, मनुष्य बूढ़ा होता है इच्छाएं नहीं।
“Not all the grain in the world, not all the gold, nor all the women, are enough for one man. A man grows but not his desires.”
आशा हि परमं दुखं नैराश्यं परमं सुख ।। शान्ति पर्व १७४.६३ ।।
इच्छा ही महानतम दुःख है और अनिच्छा ही सबसे बड़ा सुख है।
“And desire is the greatest pain and the loss of desire is the greatest happiness.”

© Sushil Kumar


Image Credit:
Content Credit: The Mahabharata: An inquiry in the human condition by Chaturvedi Badrinath


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2 thoughts on “Enough is not enough

  1. Philology is fine but conclusion is too simplistic. Is any activity of life possible without desire? If not, how to live?

  2. श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता, अध्याय ११, श्लोक ५५
    मत्कर्मकृन्मत्परमो मद्भक्तः सङ्गवर्जितः ।
    निर्वैरः सर्वभूतेषु यः स मामेति पाण्डव ।।
    हे अर्जुन! जो व्यक्ति सकाम कर्मों तथा मनोधर्म के कल्मष से मुक्त होकर, मेरी शुद्ध भक्ति में तत्पर रहता है, जो मेरे लिए ही कर्म करता है, जो मुझे ही जीवन लक्ष्य समझता है और जो प्रत्येक जीव से मैत्रीभाव रखता है, वह निश्चय ही मुझे प्राप्त करता है।
    Whosoever works for me alone, makes me his only goal and is devoted to me, free from attachment, and without hatred towards any creature – that man, O Arjuna, shall meets me.

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